Roy Webb

Date of Birth: 1888/10/3
Place of Birth: New York City, New York, USA
Date of Death: 1982/12/10
Mini Biography:
Royden Denslow Webb was born in New York City on 3 October, 1888, three years after his brother Kenneth, who also had a long career in show business and was a distinct influence on his younger sibling. The boys shared a creative urge that would lead them to careers in the theater, radio, film and television. Webb studied drawing and painting at the Art Student's League in Manhattan for five years, and after high school he studied at Columbia University where, according to Christopher Palmer, Webb "was fed a diet of Bach and Beethoven: his teacher used the Bach fugues as a basis for his instruction, and Webb would later have cause to be grateful for the rigour of this early training." Webb graduated from Columbia in 1910. He and Kenneth were both active musically by 1914, when they signed the original charter that formed ASCAP. Webb wrote popular songs in this period (none survive) before enlisting in the Navy during World War I. He was attending officers school when the Armistice was signed in 1918. Following an honorable discharge from the Navy he went to work for Kenneth as an assistant director in motion pictures. Columbia undergraduate Richard Rodgers got to know the Webbs as the brothers retained active alumni ties with their alma mater, returning to the university in the early 1920s to help stage the annual undergraduate Varsity Show. In 1925 Webb authored the official football fight song for Columbia University, which won him the Alumni Federation of Colleges Prize. Current recordings by the University of Michigan Band and the Mormon Tabernacle Choir reveal Webb’s penchant for bitonal harmony even at this early date. For the next three years he was part of producer Herbert Fields' theatrical "family" of Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, choreographer Busby Berkeley and director Alexander Leftwich. Beginning with the second edition of the Garrick Gaieties in 1926, Webb consecutively orchestrated and conducted the Rodgers and Hart musicals Peggy-Ann, A Connecticut Yankee, Present Arms, and Chee-Chee. Webb made an important friend at this time. Born the same year but half a world apart, Max Steiner had arrived on Broadway ahead of Webb but by 1927 they were both wielding batons for Herbert Fields, with Webb conducting A Connecticut Yankee at the Vanderbilt while Steiner was conducting Hit the Deck at the Belasco. Steiner and Webb were elaborating the silent, foreign versions of Side Street and The Delightful Rogue. Soon, however, RKO management decided that they didn't want any music in their dramatic films and closed the music department. the backlash against film musicals had begun. "Baravelle was let go," said Steiner, "and Webb sent back to New York," still on RKO's payroll to oversee unit shows. RKO offered to buy our Steiner's contract, but at the last minute gave him a month-to month deal to head the music department, just in case. Almost the first thing Steiner did was recall Webb from New York as his assistant. By 1931 Steiner demonstrated forcefully to management the value of underscoring, and for the next five years Steiner and Webb worked hand-in-glove. By 1933 Webb was awarded his first screen credit as musical director for Professional Sweetheart. He became a charter member and treasurer of the Screen Composers Association. In 1935 Webb was handed the epic The Last Days of Pompeii to compose (his screen credit had to be fought for by Steiner and producer Merian C. Cooper). Steiner's defection to Selznick International in 1936 (shortly after Val Lewton's arrival there) left Webb as the musical signature of RKO, a position he would hold for the next twenty years. Webb's easy familiarity with popular, light music and his innate ear for melody made him well suited for journeyman scores like Bringing Up Baby but, unexpectedly, this composer schooled in upbeat show tunes discovered his own voice with the brooding psychological thrillers that were RKO’s specially in the 1940s, endowing them with very advanced harmonies and a melancholy fatalism. Stranger on the Third Floor, Murder My Sweet, Out of the Past, Notorious, The Window, The Spiral Staircase and The Locket, in addition to the Val Lewton thrillers represented in this recording, contain some of Webb’s finest and most typical scoring. Though he never won an Oscar, Webb was nominated for an Academy Award seven times between 1937 and 1945 for Quality Street, My Favorite Wife, Joan of Paris, I Married a Witch, The Fallen Sparrow, The Fighting Seabees and The Enchanted Cottage. One of Webb's proudest moments was a contemporary performance at the Hollywood Bowl of his Piano Concerto from 1945's The Enchanted Cottage. Fully pensioned at age 67, Webb "retired" when RKO dissolved in 1955, taking occasional freelance features like Track of the Cat and Marty, television assignments including Wagon Train and 77 Sunset Strip. Tragedy struck in 1961. Though Webb and his wife Jean escaped, their home burned to the ground. They lost everything, including all of Webb's film scores and unpublished concert music. Stunned and disheartened by the destruction of his life's work, Webb ceased composing. With no children, Webb and Jean regrouped their lives into a placid retirement. The family ranks diminished with Kenneth Webb's death in 1966. In the 1970s, ill health and failing memory encroached on Webb's final years. On 10 December 1982, he died of a heart attack at St. John's Hospital in Santa Monica at the age of 94.



「ポンペイ最後の日(The Last Days of Pompeii)」(1935)
「(未公開)鍬と星(The Plough and the Stars)」(1936)
「(未公開)証人席(The Witness Chair)」(1936)
「(未公開)探偵合戦(Murder on a Bridle Path)」(1936)
「(未公開)偽装の女(Quality Street)」(1937)
「(未公開)Meet the Missus」(1937)
「(未公開)海の巨人(Sea Devils)」(1937)
「(未公開)美人は人殺しがお好き(The Mad Miss Manton)」(1938)
「(未公開)A Man to Remember」(1938)
「(未公開)ルーム・サービス(Room Service)」(1938)
「(未公開)モーガン先生のロマンス(Vivacious Lady)」(1938)
「(未公開)The Great Man Votes」(1939)
「邂逅(めぐりあい)(Love Affair)」(1939)
「(未公開)The Flying Irishman」(1939)
「(未公開)Sorority House」(1939)
「(未公開)Five Came Back」(1939)
「(未公開)ママは独身(Bachelor Mother)」(1939)
「(未公開)In Name Only」(1939)
「追撃の9人(Bad Lands)」(1939)
「(未公開)恐るべき告白(Full Confession)」(1939)
「(未公開)Three Sons」(1939)
「(未公開)Two Thoroughbreds」(1939)
「エイブ・リンカーン(Abe Lincoln in Illinois)」(1940)
「(未公開)Curtain Call」(1940)
「(未公開)ママのご帰還(My Favorite Wife)」(1940)
「(未公開)You Can't Fool Your Wife」(1940)
「(未公開)A Bill of Divorcement」(1940)
「(未公開)Millionaires in Prison」(1940)
「(未公開)3階の見知らぬ男(Stranger on the Third Floor)」(1940)
「(未公開)I'm Still Alive」(1940)
「(未公開)Mexican Spitfire Out West」(1940)
「恋愛手帖(Kitty Foyle)」(1940)
「そよ風の町(Anne of Windy Poplars)」(1940)
「(未公開)The Saint in Palm Springs」(1941)
「(未公開)A Girl, a Guy, and a Gob」(1941)
「(未公開)愛の鐘はキッスで鳴った(Tom, Dick and Harry)」(1941)
「(未公開)Parachute Battalion」(1941)
「(未公開)Weekend for Three」(1941)
「(未公開)Look Who's Laughing」(1941)
「スミス夫妻(Mr. & Mrs. Smith)」(1941)
「(未公開)パリのジャンヌ・ダーク(Joan of Paris)」(1942)
「(未公開)Obliging Young Lady」(1942)
「(未公開)The Tuttles of Tahiti」(1942)
「(未公開)My Favorite Spy」(1942)
「(未公開)ビッグ・ストリート/愛しき女への挽歌(The Big Street)」(1942)
「(未公開)The Falcon's Brother」(1942)
「(未公開)Highways by Night」(1942)
「(未公開)Here We Go Again」(1942)
「(未公開)Army Surgeon」(1942)
「(未公開)Uボート撃滅(The Navy Comes Through)」(1942)
「奥様は魔女(I Married a Witch)」(1942)
「(未公開)Seven Miles from Alcatraz」(1942)
「キャット・ピープル(Cat People)」(1942)
「(未公開)ヒットラーズ・チルドレン/恐怖の殺人養成所(Hitler's Children)」(1943)
「恐怖への旅(Journey Into Fear)」(1943)
「(未公開)高度20,000フィート(Flight for Freedom)」(1943)
「(未公開)Ladies' Day」(1943)
「(未公開)The Falcon Strikes Back」(1943)
「(未公開)ブードゥリアン aka 私はゾンビと歩いた!(I Walked with a Zombie)」(1943)
「(未公開)レオパルドマン 豹男(The Leopard Man)」(1943)
「ミスター・ラッキー(Mr. Lucky)」(1943)
「(未公開)The Falcon in Danger」(1943)
「(未公開)Petticoat Larceny」(1943)
「(未公開)Behind the Rising Sun」(1943)
「西部を駆ける恋(A Lady Takes a Chance)」(1943)
「(未公開)黒い足音(The Fallen Sparrow)」(1943)
「(未公開)The Seventh Victim」(1943)
「(未公開)The Iron Major」(1943)
「(未公開)Gangway for Tomorrow」(1943)
「(未公開)The Ghost Ship」(1943)
「(未公開)Passport to Destiny」(1944)
「(未公開)アラブの陰謀(Action in Arabia)」(1944)
「(未公開)キャット・ピープルの呪い(The Curse of the Cat People)」(1944)
「(未公開)The Falcon Out West」(1944)
「(未公開)Marine Raiders」(1944)
「(未公開)第七の十字架(The Seventh Cross)」(1944)
「(未公開)Bride by Mistake」(1944)
「(未公開)南の島でラブハント(Rainbow Island)」(1944)
「(未公開)幻影のハーケンクロイツ(The Master Race)」(1944)
「拳銃の町(Tall in the Saddle)」(1944)
「ブロンドの殺人者(Murder, My Sweet)」(1944)
「恐ろしき結婚(Experiment Perilous)」(1944)
「血戦奇襲部隊(The Fighting Seabees)」(1944)
「青春の宿(The Enchanted Cottage)」(1945)
「(未公開)死体を売る男(The Body Snatcher)」(1945)
「(未公開)Betrayal from the East」(1945)
「(未公開)Two O'Clock Courage」(1945)
「(未公開)Zombies on Broadway」(1945)
「(未公開)恋人は大空のかなたに(Those Endearing Young Charms)」(1945)
「バターンを奪回せよ(Back to Bataan)」(1945)
「(未公開)Love, Honor and Goodbye」(1945)
「(未公開)Sing Your Way Home」(1945)
「(未公開)ディック・トレイシー(Dick Tracy)」(1945)
「らせん階段(The Spiral Staircase)」(1946)
「(未公開)群盗の町(Badman's Territory)」(1946)
「(未公開)The Well Groomed Bride」(1946)
「(未公開)恋愛超特急(Without Reservations)」(1946)
「(未公開)危険な女(The Locket)」(1946)
「船乗りシンバッドの冒険(Sinbad, the Sailor)」(1947)
「(未公開)パンと娘と馬の鼻(Easy Come, Easy Go)」(1947)
「(未公開)私は殺さない(They Won't Believe Me)」(1947)
「(未公開)Magic Town」(1947)
「(未公開)Cass Timberlane」(1947)
「(未公開)過去を逃れて(Out of the Past)」(1947)
「ママの思い出(I Remember Mama)」(1948)
「孤児(Fighting Father Dunne)」(1948)
「(未公開)裏街紳士(Race Street)」(1948)
「荒原の女(Rachel and the Stranger)」(1948)
「月下の銃声(Blood on the Moon)」(1948)
「群盗の宿(Badmen of Tombstone)」(1949)
「窓(The Window)」(1949)
「猿人ジョー・ヤング(Mighty Joe Young)」(1949)
「(未公開)妻ゆえに(Easy Living)」(1949)
「(未公開)My Friend Irma」(1949)
「ママの青春(Holiday Affair)」(1949)
「(未公開)狙われた結婚(The Secret Fury)」(1950)
「白銀の嶺(The White Tower)」(1950)
「(未公開)ゼロへの逃避行(Where Danger Lives)」(1950)
「(未公開)最後の賭け(Gambling House)」(1950)
「(未公開)Sealed Cargo」(1951)
「(未公開)砂に咲くバラ(Hard, Fast and Beautiful!)」(1951)
「太平洋航空作戦(Flying Leathernecks)」(1951)
「(未公開)折れた銃剣(Fixed Bayonets!)」(1951)
「剣豪ダルタニアン(At Sword's Point)」(1952)
「(未公開)マルクスの競馬騒動(A Girl in Every Port)」(1952)
「(未公開)熱い夜の疼き(Clash by Night)」(1952)
「(未公開)不屈の男たち(The Lusty Men)」(1952)
「語らざる男(Operation Secret)」(1952)
「非常線(Split Second)」(1953)
「(未公開)Affair with a Stranger」(1953)
「(未公開)She Couldn't Say No」(1953)
「第二の機会(Second Chance)」(1953)
「雪原の追跡(Dangerous Mission)」(1954)
「(未公開)七人の脱走兵(The Raid)」(1954)
「(未公開)血ぬられし爪あと/影なき殺人ピューマ(Track of the Cat)」(1954)
「辺境の掠奪者(The Americano)」(1955)
「男の魂(The Sea Chase)」(1955)
「中共脱出(Blood Alley)」(1955)
「(未公開)The River Changes」(1956)
「(未公開)Our Miss Brooks」(1956)
「最初のテキサス人(The First Texan)」(1956)
「(未公開)The Girl He Left Behind」(1956)
「将軍ベッドに死す(Top Secret Affair)」(1957)
「暴力部落の対決(Shoot-Out at Medicine Bend)」(1957)
「先生のお気に入り(Teacher's Pet)」(1958)
「(TV)幌馬車隊(Wagon Train)」(1958〜1960)


「(未公開)導火線(Side Street)」(1929)
「(未公開)The Delightful Rogue」(1929)
「(未公開)ナイト・パレード(Night Parade)」(1929)
「(未公開)七つの鍵(Seven Keys to Baldpate)」(1929)
「(未公開)海港の娘(Girl of the Port)」(1930)
「(未公開)女賊ガーティー(Alias French Gertie)」(1930)
「(未公開)Inside the Lines」(1930)
「(未公開)Shooting Straight」(1930)
「(未公開)Our Betters」(1933)
「(未公開)Emergency Call」(1933)
「(未公開)Blind Adventure」(1933)
「(未公開)Ann Vickers」(1933)
「(未公開)A Preferred List」(1933)
「(未公開)Aggie Appleby, Maker of Men」(1933)
「(未公開)情怨(The Right to Romance)」(1933)
「(未公開)自由の翼(If I Were Free)」(1933)
「(未公開)メリケン万歳爆走の巻(Hips, Hips, Hooray!)」(1934)
「(未公開)This Man Is Mine」(1934)
「(未公開)Cracked Shots」(1934)
「(未公開)Strictly Dynamite」(1934)
「(未公開)美人国武者修業(Cockeyed Cavaliers)」(1934)
「(未公開)Down to Their Last Yacht」(1934)
「(未公開)旅ガラス子供連れ(Kentucky Kernels)」(1934)
「(未公開)By Your Leave」(1934)
「(未公開)クカラチャ(La Cucaracha)」(1934)
「(未公開)The Nitwits」(1935)
「虚栄の市(Becky Sharp)」(1935)
「(未公開)アリゾニアン aka 建設の嵐(The Arizonian)」(1935)
「(未公開)アリス・アダムス(Alice Adams)」(1935)
「(未公開)The Rainmakers」(1935)
「(未公開)本人出現(In Person)」(1935)
「(未公開)大学の人気者(Old Man Rhythm)」(1935)
「男装(Sylvia Scarlett)」(1935)
「(未公開)We're Only Human」(1935)
「(未公開)Two in the Dark」(1936)
「(未公開)Silly Billies」(1936)
「(未公開)モヒカン族の最後(The Last of the Mohicans)」(1936)
「(未公開)頓珍漢ミイラ取り(Mummy's Boys)」(1936)
「(未公開)女性の反逆(A Woman Rebels)」(1936)
「(未公開)Make Way for a Lady」(1936)
「(未公開)Wanted! Jane Turner」(1936)
「(未公開)Night Waitress」(1936)
「(未公開)Racing Lady」(1937)
「(未公開)They Wanted to Marry」(1937)
「(未公開)We're on the Jury」(1937)
「(未公開)The Outcasts of Poker Flat」(1937)
「(未公開)You Can't Buy Luck」(1937)
「(未公開)新人豪華版(New Faces of 1937)」(1937)
「(未公開)喧嘩商売(On Again-Off Again)」(1937)
「(未公開)Forty Naughty Girls」(1937)
「(未公開)靴を脱いだ女(The Life of the Party)」(1937)
「(未公開)ステージ・ドア(Stage Door)」(1937)
「(未公開)Saturday's Heroes」(1937)
「(未公開)Living on Love」(1937)
「(未公開)High Flyers」(1937)
「(未公開)Wise Girl」(1937)
「(未公開)She's Got Everything」(1937)
「赤ちゃん教育(Bringing Up Baby)」(1938)
「(未公開)Condemned Women」(1938)
「(未公開)This Marriage Business」(1938)
「(未公開)Go Chase Yourself」(1938)
「(未公開)Gun Law」(1938)
「(未公開)The Saint in New York」(1938)
「(未公開)Blond Cheat」(1938)
「(未公開)処女読本(Having Wonderful Time)」(1938)
「(未公開)Sky Giant」(1938)
「(未公開)Mother Carey's Chickens」(1938)
「(未公開)I'm from the City」(1938)
「(未公開)Fugitives for a Night」(1938)
「(未公開)Lawless Valley」(1938)
「(未公開)The Law West of Tombstone」(1938)
「(未公開)忘れられた恋人(Next Time I Marry)」(1938)
「(未公開)Arizona Legion」(1939)
「(未公開)Boy Slaves」(1939)
「(未公開)Beauty for the Asking」(1939)
「(未公開)暗黒街に明日はない(The Saint Strikes Back)」(1939)
「(未公開)Trouble in Sundown」(1939)
「(未公開)They Made Her a Spy」(1939)
「(未公開)Fixer Dugan」(1939)
「(未公開)The Rookie Cop」(1939)
「(未公開)Panama Lady」(1939)
「(未公開)The Girl from Mexico」(1939)
「(未公開)Timber Stampede」(1939)
「(未公開)Sued for Libel」(1939)
「(未公開)That's Right - You're Wrong」(1939)
「(未公開)The Saint's Double Trouble」(1940)
「(未公開)Wildcat Bus」(1940)
「(未公開)Men Against the Sky」(1940)
「(未公開)You'll Find Out」(1940)
「(未公開)Little Men」(1940)
「(未公開)The Bandit Trail」(1941)
「(未公開)The Mayor of 44th Street」(1942)
「(未公開)Seven Days' Leave」(1942)
「(未公開)The Adventures of a Rookie」(1943)
「(未公開)The Nazis Strike」(1943)
「(未公開)Radio Stars on Parade」(1945)
「(未公開)George White's Scandals」(1945)
「(未公開)Riverboat Rhythm」(1946)
「(未公開)Genius at Work」(1946)
「(未公開)The Perfect Marriage」(1946)
「(未公開)Ladies' Man」(1947)
「(未公開)The Devil Thumbs a Ride」(1947)
「(未公開)Make Mine Laughs」(1949)
「これがシネラマだ(This Is Cinerama)」(1952)
「(未公開)北海の男(Alaska Seas)」(1954)
「ケンタッキー人(The Kentuckian)」(1955)
「(未公開)The Search for Bridey Murphy」(1956)




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